Read these 9 antivirus tips to double your business
Read these 9 antivirus tips to double your business
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What is herpes simplex?
The herpes simplex virus, also known as HSV, is a viral infection that causes genital and oral herpes.
Many people live with asymptomatic HSV, which means they have the virus without ever having an outbreak or active episode of herpes.
Others might experience occasional episodes of small, fluid-filled blisters or sores. These blisters most commonly appear on the genitals or mouth and lips, but they can also show up on hands or fingers and other parts of your body.
HSV can be sexually transmitted, but the virus can also be transmitted in other ways. ThereвЂ™s a lot of stigma around herpes, but the virus is actually very common вЂ” and nothing to be ashamed of.
According to estimates from the World Health OrganizationTrusted Source:
about 67 percent of the worldвЂ™s population under age 50 had oral or genital HSV-1 in 2016
about 13 percent of people between the ages of 15 and 49 had HSV-2 in 2016
Other research notes that over 90 percent of adults have HSV-1 antibodies by the time they reach their 50s.
Experts have yet to find a cure for herpes, but antivirals and home remedies can help ease the severity of symptoms. Antiviral medication may also lead to fewer herpes episodes.
Read on to learn more about the difference between HSV-1 and HSV-2, plus get the details on key signs, diagnosis, and treatment.
WhatвЂ™s the difference between herpes 1 and herpes 2?
There are two main types of the herpes simplex virus: HSV-1 and HSV-2.
HSV-1. This type primarily causes oral herpes, characterized by cold sores or fever blisters that appear around your mouth or on your face.
HSV-2. This primarily causes genital herpes, which involves sores that appear on or around your genitals, anus, buttocks, and inner thighs. Sores can also develop inside the vagina.
ItвЂ™s important to understand that, while HSV-1 is usually associated with remeron cost cold sores and HSV-2 is usually associated with genital herpes, both types of the virus can be transmitted through oral or genital contact.
In short, both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can cause oral and genital herpes episodes.
Many people living with genital herpes actually have HSV-1, since the virus can easily be transmitted through oral-to-genital contact.
HSV-2 less commonlyTrusted Source causes oral episodes, or cold sores, but itвЂ™s still possible.
What causes herpes simplex?
HSV is a contagious virus that can be transmitted through direct contact with sores.
That said, since the virus also вЂњshedsвЂќ on a small percentage of days, itвЂ™s possible to transmit or contract HSV even when symptoms arenвЂ™t present. In fact, many people contract HSV from people who donвЂ™t know they have the virus.
WhatвЂ™s viral shedding?
If you develop HSV, your body produces particles of virus that you can transmit to others. The virus sheds from sores during an episode, but it also sheds at other times when you have no sores or obvious symptoms. You may not even know you have HSV.
Some researchTrusted Source suggests shedding happens on:
about 10 percent of days if you have asymptomatic HSV
about 20 percent of days if you have symptomatic HSV
But various factors can affect viral shedding, including:
the type of HSV and where you experience symptoms. HSV-1 that affects the genitals tends to involve less frequent shedding than HSV-2 that affects the genitals, for example.
how long youвЂ™ve had HSV вЂ” shedding tends to decrease with time. If youвЂ™ve had HSV for nearly 10 years, for instance, youвЂ™ll likely shed the virus less frequently than someone who contracted it recently.
your immune health. If youвЂ™re immunocompromised, you may shed the virus more frequently.
You can transmit or contract HSV-1, or oral herpes, through direct contact with a herpes sore, saliva, or other bodily secretions during an episode. If youвЂ™re shedding the virus, someone can contract it through direct contact with the site of the infection.
Examples of direct contact include:
other skin-to-skin contact
In other words, if you touch a partnerвЂ™s cold sore and then touch your own face or genitals shortly afterward, you could contract the virus. Many children contract the virus after being kissed or touched on the face by an adult with a cold sore.
The virus can, in theory, be transmitted through shared lip balm, razors, or colchicine 0,5mg without a doctor prescription drinkware and eating utensils, but this is pretty rare вЂ” older estimates suggest the virus can only live outside your body for a few hours to a few daysTrusted Source.
To put it another way, if someone with a cold sore drank from a glass and immediately handed it to you, and you then put your mouth to the same place on the glass, you could potentially contract herpes. But the chances of that happening are fairly low.
Most of the time, the virus is transmitted through contact with sores or the site of the infection during viral shedding.
As with HSV-1, you can transmit or contract HSV-2, or genital herpes, through direct contact with a herpes sore, saliva, or other bodily secretions during an episode. HSV-2 can also be transmitted during viral shedding.
Direct contact might include:
sharing sex toys during a sexual encounter
other skin-to-skin contact at the infection site
Remember: Though many people think of HSV-1 as oral herpes and HSV-2 as genital herpes, both types of the virus can cause oral or genital episodes.